The Messenger Astronomical Science

A Rare Pair of Eclipsing Brown Dwarfs Identified by the SPECULOOS Telescopes

Authors
  • Triaud, Amaury H. M. J. [School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Birmingham, UK]
  • Burgasser, Adam J. [Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, USA]
  • Burdanov, Artem [Astrobiology Research Unit, Université de Liège, Belgium]
  • Hodžić, Vedad Kunovac [School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Birmingham, UK]
  • Alonso, Roi [Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, La Laguna, Spain]
  • Bardalez Gagliuffi, Daniella [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA]
  • Delrez, Laetitia [Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, UK]
  • Demory, Brice-Olivier [University of Bern, Center for Space and Habitability, Switzerland]
  • de Wit, Julien [Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA]
  • Ducrot, Elsa [Astrobiology Research Unit, Université de Liège, Belgium]
  • Hessman, Frederic V. [Institut für Astrophysik, University of Göttingen, Germany]
  • Husser, Tim-Oliver [Institut für Astrophysik, University of Göttingen, Germany]
  • Jehin, Emmanuël [Space Sciences, Technologies and Astrophysics Research (STAR) Institute, Université de Liège, Belgium]
  • Pedersen, Peter P. [Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, UK]
  • Queloz, Didier [Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, UK]
  • McCormac, James [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK]
  • Murray, Catriona [Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, UK]
  • Sebastian, Daniel [Astrobiology Research Unit, Université de Liège, Belgium]
  • Thompson, Samantha [Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, UK]
  • Van Grootel, Valérie [Space Sciences, Technologies and Astrophysics Research (STAR) Institute, Université de Liège, Belgium]
  • Gillon, Michaël [Astrobiology Research Unit, Université de Liège, Belgium]

Section
Astronomical Science
Abstract

Brown dwarfs — stellar objects unable to sustain hydrogen fusion in their cores because of their low masses — continuously cool over their lifetimes. Evolution models have been created to reproduce this behaviour, and to allow mass and age determination using their luminosity, temperatures, spectral types and other parameters. However, these models have not yet been fully validated or calibrated with observations. During a commissioning run of the SPECULOOS telescopes, we serendipitously discovered a rare double-line eclipsing binary, a member of the 45 Myr-old moving group Argus. This discovery permitted us to determine the masses, radii and ages of the brown dwarfs, and with their luminosities make a comparison to evolution models. The models reproduce these measurements remarkably well, although a measured offset in luminosity could result in systematic underestimation of brown dwarf masses by 20 to 30%. Calibrating these models is necessary as they are also used to infer the masses of young, directly imaged exoplanets such as those found at the VLT.


Dates
Created: 2020-06-01/2020-06-30
Length
4 pages

Cite this article:

A. Triaud, A. Burgasser, A. Burdanov, V. Hodžić, R. Alonso, D. Bardalez Gagliuffi, L. Delrez, B. Demory, J. de Wit, E. Ducrot, F. Hessman, T. Husser, E. Jehin, P. Pedersen, D. Queloz, J. McCormac, C. Murray, D. Sebastian, S. Thompson, V. Van Grootel, M. Gillon; A Rare Pair of Eclipsing Brown Dwarfs Identified by the SPECULOOS Telescopes. The Messenger 180 (June 2020): 37–40. https://doi.org/10.18727/0722-6691/5199