The Messenger ELT Instrumentation

HIRES, the High-resolution Spectrograph for the ELT

Authors
  • Marconi, Alessandro [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Firenze, Italy; INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Firenze, Italy]
  • Abreu, Manuel [Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal; Departamento de Física, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal]
  • Adibekyan, Vardan [Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal; Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, Portugal]
  • Aliverti, Matteo [INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Italy]
  • Allende Prieto, Carlos [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain; Departamento de Astrofisica, Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain]
  • Amado, Pedro [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia-CSIC Glorieta de la Astronomia, Granada, Spain]
  • Amate, Manuel [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain]
  • Artigau, Etienne [Institut de Recherche sur les Exoplanètes and Observatoire du Mont-Mégantic, Département de Physique, Université de Montréal, Canada]
  • Augusto, Sergio [Instituto Mauá de Tecnologia, São Caetano do Sul, Brazil]
  • Barros, Susana [Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal; Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, Portugal]
  • Becerril, Santiago [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia-CSIC Glorieta de la Astronomia, Granada, Spain]
  • Benneke, Björn [Institut de Recherche sur les Exoplanètes and Observatoire du Mont-Mégantic, Département de Physique, Université de Montréal, Canada]
  • Bergin, Edwin [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, USA]
  • Berio, Philippe [Laboratoire Lagrange, Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, France]
  • Bezawada, Naidu [European Southern Observatory (ESO)]
  • Boisse, Isabelle [Aix Marseille University, CNRS, CNES, LAM, France]
  • Bonfils, Xavier [Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, France]
  • Bouchy, François [Aix Marseille University, CNRS, CNES, LAM, France; Dèpartement d’Astronomie, Universitè de Geneve, Switzerland]
  • Broeg, Christopher [Physikalisches Institut, University of Bern, Switzerland]
  • Cabral, Alexandre [Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal; Departamento de Física, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal]
  • Calvo-Ortega, Rocio [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia-CSIC Glorieta de la Astronomia, Granada, Spain]
  • Canto Martins, Bruno Leonardo [Board of Observational Astronomy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil]
  • Chazelas, Bruno [Dèpartement d’Astronomie, Universitè de Geneve, Switzerland]
  • Chiavassa, Andrea [Laboratoire Lagrange, Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, France]
  • Christensen, Lise [Cosmic Dawn Center, Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen University, Denmark]
  • Cirami, Roberto [INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Italy]
  • Coretti, Igor [INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Italy]
  • Covino, Stefano [INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Italy]
  • Cresci, Giovanni [INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Firenze, Italy]
  • Cristiani, Stefano [INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Italy]
  • Cunha Parro, Vanderlei [Instituto Mauá de Tecnologia, São Caetano do Sul, Brazil]
  • Cupani, Guido [INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Italy]
  • de Castro Leão, Izan [Board of Observational Astronomy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil]
  • Renan de Medeiros, José [Board of Observational Astronomy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil]
  • Furlande Souza, Marco Antonio [Instituto Mauá de Tecnologia, São Caetano do Sul, Brazil]
  • Di Marcantonio, Paolo [INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Italy]
  • Di Varano, Igor [Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam, Germany]
  • D’Odorico, Valentina [INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Italy]
  • Doyon, René [Institut de Recherche sur les Exoplanètes and Observatoire du Mont-Mégantic, Département de Physique, Université de Montréal, Canada]
  • Drass, Holger [Centro de Astro Ingenieria, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; Millennium Institute of Astrophysics, Santiago, Chile]
  • Figueira, Pedro [European Southern Observatory (ESO); Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, Portugal]
  • Belen Fragoso, Ana [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain]
  • Uldall Fynbo, Johan Peter [Cosmic Dawn Center, Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen University, Denmark]
  • Gallo, Elena [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, USA]
  • Genoni, Matteo [INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Italy]
  • González Hernández, Jonay [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain; Departamento de Astrofisica, Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain]
  • Haehnelt, Martin [Kavli Institute for Cosmology and Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge, UK]
  • Hlavacek-Larrondo, Julie [Département de physique, Université de Montréal, Canada]
  • Hughes, Ian [Dèpartement d’Astronomie, Universitè de Geneve, Switzerland]
  • Huke, Philipp [Institute for Astrophysics, Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, Germany]
  • Humphrey, Andrew [Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, Portugal]
  • Kjeldsen, Hans [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Denmark]
  • Korn, Andreas [Division of Astronomy and Space Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Sweden]
  • Kouach, Driss [CNRS, OMP, Université de Toulouse, France]
  • Landoni, Marco [INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Italy]
  • Liske, Jochen [Hamburger Sternwarte, Universität Hamburg, Germany]
  • Lovis, Christophe [Dèpartement d’Astronomie, Universitè de Geneve, Switzerland]
  • Lunney, David [UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Edinburgh, UK]
  • Maiolino, Roberto [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, UK]
  • Malo, Lison [Institut de Recherche sur les Exoplanètes and Observatoire du Mont-Mégantic, Département de Physique, Université de Montréal, Canada]
  • Marquart, Thomas [Division of Astronomy and Space Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Sweden]
  • Martins, Carlos [Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, Portugal; Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto, Portugal]
  • Mason, Elena [INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Italy]
  • Molaro, Paolo [INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Italy]
  • Monnier, John [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, USA]
  • Monteiro, Manuel [Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, Portugal]
  • Mordasini, Christoph [Physikalisches Institut, University of Bern, Switzerland]
  • Morris, Tim [Centre for Advanced Instrumentation, Department of Physics, Durham University, UK]
  • Mucciarelli, Alessio [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Bologna, Italy]
  • Murray, Graham [Centre for Advanced Instrumentation, Department of Physics, Durham University, UK]
  • Niedzielski, Andrzej [Institute of Astronomy, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland]
  • Nunes, Nelson [Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal; Departamento de Física, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal]
  • Oliva, Ernesto [INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Firenze, Italy]
  • Origlia, Livia [INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienze dello Spazio di Bologna, Italy]
  • Pallé, Enric [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain; Departamento de Astrofisica, Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain]
  • Pariani, Giorgio [INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Italy]
  • Parr-Burman, Phil [UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Edinburgh, UK]
  • Peñate, José [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain]
  • Pepe, Francesco [Dèpartement d’Astronomie, Universitè de Geneve, Switzerland]
  • Pinna, Enrico [INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Firenze, Italy]
  • Piskunov, Nikolai [Division of Astronomy and Space Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Sweden]
  • Rasilla Piñeiro, José Luis [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain]
  • Rebolo, Rafael [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain; Departamento de Astrofisica, Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain]
  • Rees, Phil [UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Edinburgh, UK]
  • Reiners, Ansgar [Institute for Astrophysics, Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, Germany]
  • Riva, Marco [INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Italy]
  • Romano, Donatella [INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienze dello Spazio di Bologna, Italy]
  • Rousseau, Sylvain [Laboratoire Lagrange, Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, France]
  • Sanna, Nicoletta [INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Firenze, Italy]
  • Santos, Nuno [Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal; Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, Portugal]
  • Sarajlic, Mirsad [Physikalisches Institut, University of Bern, Switzerland]
  • Shen, Tzu-Chiang [Centro de Astro Ingenieria, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile]
  • Sortino, Francesca [INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienze dello Spazio di Bologna, Italy]
  • Sosnowska, Danuta [Dèpartement d’Astronomie, Universitè de Geneve, Switzerland]
  • Sousa, Sérgio [Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, Portugal]
  • Stempels, Eric [Division of Astronomy and Space Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Sweden]
  • Strassmeier, Klaus [Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam, Germany]
  • Tenegi, Fabio [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain]
  • Tozzi, Andrea [INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Firenze, Italy]
  • Udry, Stéphane [Dèpartement d’Astronomie, Universitè de Geneve, Switzerland]
  • Valenziano, Luca [INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienze dello Spazio di Bologna, Italy]
  • Vanzi, Leonardo [Centro de Astro Ingenieria, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile]
  • Weber, Michael [Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam, Germany]
  • Woche, Manfred [Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam, Germany]
  • Xompero, Marco [INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Firenze, Italy]
  • Zackrisson, Erik [Division of Astronomy and Space Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Sweden]
  • Zapatero Osorio, María Rosa [Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC–INTA), Madrid, Spain]

Section
ELT Instrumentation
Abstract

HIRES will be the high-resolution spectrograph at optical and near-infrared (NIR) wavelengths for ESO’s Extremely Large Telescope (ELT). It will consist of three fibre-fed spectrographs providing a wavelength coverage of 0.4–1.8 µm (with a goal of 0.35–1.8 µm) at a spectral resolution of ~ 100 000. Fibre-feeding allows HIRES to have several interchangeable observing modes, including a single-conjugate adaptive optics (SCAO) module and a small diffraction-limited integral field unit in the NIR. It will therefore be able to operate in both seeing- and diffraction-limited modes. HIRES will address a wide range of science cases spanning nearly all areas of research in astrophysics and even fundamental physics. Some of the top science cases will be the detection of biosignatures from exoplanet atmospheres, finding the fingerprints of the first generation of stars (Pop III), tests on the stability of Nature’s fundamental couplings, and the direct detection of the cosmic acceleration. The HIRES consortium is composed of more than 30 institutes from 14 countries, forming a team of more than 200 scientists and engineers.


Dates
Created: 2021-03-01/2021-03-31
Length
6 pages

Cite this article:

A. Marconi, M. Abreu, V. Adibekyan, M. Aliverti, C. Allende Prieto, P. Amado, M. Amate, E. Artigau, S. Augusto, S. Barros, S. Becerril, B. Benneke, E. Bergin, P. Berio, N. Bezawada, I. Boisse, X. Bonfils, F. Bouchy, C. Broeg, A. Cabral, R. Calvo-Ortega, B. Canto Martins, B. Chazelas, A. Chiavassa, L. Christensen, R. Cirami, I. Coretti, S. Covino, G. Cresci, S. Cristiani, V. Cunha Parro, G. Cupani, I. de Castro Leão, J. Renan de Medeiros, M. Furlande Souza, P. Di Marcantonio, I. Di Varano, V. D’Odorico, R. Doyon, H. Drass, P. Figueira, A. Belen Fragoso, J. Uldall Fynbo, E. Gallo, M. Genoni, J. González Hernández, M. Haehnelt, J. Hlavacek-Larrondo, I. Hughes, P. Huke, A. Humphrey, H. Kjeldsen, A. Korn, D. Kouach, M. Landoni, J. Liske, C. Lovis, D. Lunney, R. Maiolino, L. Malo, T. Marquart, C. Martins, E. Mason, P. Molaro, J. Monnier, M. Monteiro, C. Mordasini, T. Morris, A. Mucciarelli, G. Murray, A. Niedzielski, N. Nunes, E. Oliva, L. Origlia, E. Pallé, G. Pariani, P. Parr-Burman, J. Peñate, F. Pepe, E. Pinna, N. Piskunov, J. Rasilla Piñeiro, R. Rebolo, P. Rees, A. Reiners, M. Riva, D. Romano, S. Rousseau, N. Sanna, N. Santos, M. Sarajlic, T. Shen, F. Sortino, D. Sosnowska, S. Sousa, E. Stempels, K. Strassmeier, F. Tenegi, A. Tozzi, S. Udry, L. Valenziano, L. Vanzi, M. Weber, M. Woche, M. Xompero, E. Zackrisson, M. Zapatero Osorio; HIRES, the High-resolution Spectrograph for the ELT. The Messenger 182 (March 2021): 27–32. https://doi.org/10.18727/0722-6691/5219